Garhwali Language

Garhwali (गढ़वळि भाख/भाषा) is a Central Pahari language belonging to the Northern Zone of Indo-Aryan languages . It is primarily spoken by the Garhwali people (गढ़वळि मन्खि) who are from the north-western Garhwal Division (गढ़वाळ) of the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand in the Indian Himalayas .

The Central Pahari languages include Garhwali and Kumauni (spoken in the Kumaun region of Uttrakhand ). Garhwali, like Kumauni, has many regional dialects spoken in different places in Uttarakhand . The script used for Garhwali is Devanagari . [4]

Garhwali is one of the 325 recognised languages of India [5] spoken by over 2,267,314 [6] people in Tehri Garhwal , Pauri Garhwal , Uttarkashi , Chamoli , Dehradun , Haridwar and Rudraprayag districts of Uttarakhand . [7] Garhwali is also spoken by people in other parts of India including Himachal Pradesh , Delhi , Haryana, Punjab , Uttar Pradesh and Bihar . According to various estimates, there are at least 2.5 million Garhwali migrants living in Delhi and the National Capital Region .

However, due to a number of reasons, Garhwali is one of the languages which is shrinking very rapidly. UNESCO's Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger designates Garhwali as a language which is in the unsafe category and requires consistent conservation efforts. [8]

Almost all people who can speak and understand Garhwali can also speak and understand Hindi , one of the most commonly spoken languages of India.